Industrial Capability:  Logistics


With all those worlds at the disposal of the UFP, there is a vast network of commercial and government owned and operated manufacturing facilities, and their distribution throughout space helps keep commerce and resupply efforts flowing smoothly.  Since there is no one manufacturing/scientific center, this insures that wartime losses can be more easily recouped.  Even Starfleet Command, itself, while it’s main hub in located on Earth, is distributed well enough throughout space as to insure a contiguous chain of command, in the event of catastrophic loss, as well as to provide direct theater of war operational command.

Perhaps one of the UFP’s greatest assets is the replicator.  These devices permit replication of virtually any inanimate object with incredible fidelity and relatively low energy cost, and, generally, come in 2 types:  food & hardware.  Coming in a variety of sizes, they can reproduce a wide variety of supplies and even foods, keeping areas well-supplied.  A command with an industrial replicator can keep it’s troops almost completely supplied, if not actually completely.  Weapons, armor, medical supplies, foodstuffs, etc. can all be easily reproduced.  *Utopia Planitia Shipyards on Mars has a replicator with an emitter delivery pad measuring 50.3 meters by 72.6 meters, and is probably going to be instrumental in rapidly mass producing large starship framing assemblies. 

-*Star Trek Deep Space Nine Technical Manual, pages:  62-63.  Written by Herman Zimmerman, Rick Sternbach & Douglas Drexler.  Published November 1998.

The industrial replicators are optimized for most inorganic substances, though organic analogs are used in some optronic devices, insulating materials and clothing to name a few.  *Smaller, transportable units have been installed on starbases and fleet vessels, and mainly used to produce original and replacement hardware for space and planetary operations.  Very large replicators, such as class 4 CFI industrial replicators can be employed for large scale replication.  They’ve become so common, Starfleet utilizes Replicating Centers aboard starships (such as the Galaxy-class) contain several terminals at which crew could order a wide variety of products that would be produced on command.  A modification of the food replicator can be found in most Starfleet/UFP sickbays and science laboratories for synthesis of certain pharmaceuticals and other scientific supplies.  Food replicators, in order to minimize replicator power requirements, utilize raw stock stored in the form of a sterilized organic particulate suspension that has been formulated to statistically require the least quantum manipulation to replicate most finished foodstuffs.

The Galactic Empire, however, now a shadow of it’s former self, was reduced to a fraction of it’s power in it’s woefully unsuccessful war against terrorism.  An ignominious defeat, to be sure, as their crushing defeat was brought about by a terrorist organization calling itself the Alliance to Restore the Republic.  When the terrorist Maquis organization surfaced, it was easily controlled and confined to the Badlands; when confronted by the Jem’Hadar, it was completely destroyed.

The industrial capabilities of the New Republic and Galactic Empire, however, are seriously in question.   However, Imperial manufacturing capabilities are virtually non-existent.  Section 31 has obtained surveillance transcripts by penetrating Imperial Intelligence installations, including this, spoken by a high-ranking Imperial Navy officer:

“The point is that they’re not being manufactured by the Empire,” Pellaeon said.  “They’re being scrounged from who knows where -- probably some fringe pirate or mercenary gang.  And they’re being scrounged precisely because we’re down to a single major shipyard and it can’t keep up with demand for capital ships, let alone starfighters.”

-Captain Pellaeon plaintively speaking to Captain Ardiff. -Star Wars:  Specter of the Past”, page:  7.  Written by Timothy Zahn; published by Bantam Spectra, 1997.

Last, but certainly not the least of the pieces of this puzzle, come finances.  The fiscal policies of the United Federation of Planets have always proven sound.  No significant troubles have occurred in hundreds of years in regards to finances.  Though we don’t do everything for money, anymore (at least some of us), money still exists and is a vital part of galactic commerce.  Back in the 1980s-1990s, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, back on planet Earth, spent the vast majority of it’s budget on it’s military, as was common among Communist countries.  The People’s Republic of China:  same thing.  The biggest portion of their financial capital went to their military.  North Korea:  even worse; their country was starving to death, but their military was still going.  This is the same stupidity that plagued the ‘Galactic’ Empire, a political fiasco that never at any time controlled the entire galaxy.

Their Emperor Palpatine cared about nothing but keeping his own pockets full, and therefore, virtually all money had to go to him.  The Corporate Sector Authority, a ‘mini-empire’ paid him countless trillions to maybe quadrillions, annually, as they gouged their own people to keep him (and themselves) happy.  It is precisely this fiscal policy of stupidity that helped run the ‘Galactic’ Empire right into the ground, where it remains, today, and quite probably shall forever remain.  The Soviets of the USSR believed there shouldn’t be any rich people, and yet their Communist Party high officials were some of the richest men in the world, living in palatial opulence and decadent splendor that some of the juiciest capitalists couldn’t even touch.  In the end, it was this kind of financial irresponsibility and stupidity that broke the Soviet Union, left North Korea in rags, and ran China ragged.

It is the same stupidity that the ‘Galactic’ Empire died from, partially, as our autopsy reveals.  That, and many other stupidity-related ailments. 

Let’s look at the Imperial Navy, first.  Now, as opposed to allowing taxation to remain manageable, which would allow indigenous governments to military defend themselves (such as with the national guards of the individual states of the USA), Palpatine didn’t want other militaries with the power to ‘compete’ with his own.  This was the kind of mindset that led to 25,000 of the biggest boondoggles their galaxy had ever seen:  the Imperial-class star destroyers.  Though no real cost estimate is given in official documentation that Section 31 field agents have accessed, it can be said that they had to run pretty high; at least 1,000,000,000,000 IC (Imperial Credits).  One tera-credit.   

starwars.com  Databank  Starship  Imperial Star Destroyer

 Height:   

   1,600 meters long

Manufacturer:   

   Kuat Drive Yards

Type:   

   Cruiser

Affiliation:   

   Empire

Imperial Star Destroyer 

Lira Wessex, Imperial engineer, built her work on the shoulders of giants. Her father, Walex Blissex, had developed the venerable Victory-class Star Destroyer for the Republic, as well as numerous other starcraft designs. From these, Wessex proposed the Imperial-class design, a proposal that was debated at great lengths within the Empire's elite ranks.

Wessex proved the nay-sayers wrong when the first Imperial-class Star Destroyer lumbered from the sprawling Kuat Drive Yards drydocks. The resulting ship is a marvel of technology, and testament to the Empire's might.

There are whole systems whose gross domestic product is less than the cost of a single Star Destroyer. There are entire nations that, throughout their history, do not expend as much energy as a Star Destroyer does during a hyperspace jump. Powering the 1.6 kilometer long craft is nothing short of a miniature sun -- a solar ionization reactor bulges from the ventral spine, using its raging fires to fuel the giant warship.

The Imperial-class Star Destroyer bristles with 60 turbolaser batteries, 60 ion cannon batteries, and 10 tractor beam projectors. It carries a full stormtrooper division, 20 AT-ATs, 30 AT-STs, eight Lambda-class shuttles, 12 landing barges, and six TIE squadrons.

Since its introduction, an improved model of Star Destroyer also saw action. The Imperial-II Star Destroyer is an upgraded model with increased hull shielding, and more weapons, sporting 100 turbolaser emplacements, 20 ion cannons, and 10 tractor beam projectors.
-www.starwars.com

An old, 2000’s era aircraft carrier cost around $1,000,000,000.00 US dollars, and a battleship cost around the same thing, but neither came close to the size and scale of an Imperial-class star destroyer, and all it’s accoutrements.  So, with the statement:  “…There are whole systems whose gross domestic product is less than the cost of a single Star Destroyer.”, 1 trillion credits is probably pretty low, and not a very good estimate.  This includes manufacturing costs, design, weapons emplacements, power systems, propulsion systems, all the different types of shielding generators (ray/energy and particle), armor, etc.  Then, there’s the crew.  9,235 Commissioned officers, 27,850 enlisted personnel, and an additional 9,700 troops.  That’s some 37,085 Imperial Navy personnel.
-Star Wars the Role Playing Game (2nd Edition) Sourcebook, Chapter 3:  Combat Starships; Imperial Star Destroyer, pgs.:  33-34.  Written by Bill Slavicsek and Curtis Smith.  Published by West End Games.

Now, for the sake of argument, let’s speculate that the average rank of the enlisted personnel on board (the bulk of them) were equivalent to the paygrade of E-3, and earning a salary of »1.2k, monthly, 14.4k in 12 months (a UFP standard year).  This is »401.04 million credits, annually, for the enlisted personnel on board each Imperial-class star destroyer.  However, now taking into account the higher salaries for such individuals that are equivalent to petty officers, chief petty officer, master chief petty officers, etc., it jumps to »601.56 million credits.  Now, for the commissioned officers.  If the bulk of the commissioned officers on board an Imperial star destroyer are lieutenants (paygrade O-3), let’s say they’re making 40k, annually.  There are some 9,235 commissioned officers, so that becomes 369.4 million more IC.  Add in the presence of higher-ranking officers (captains, commanders, lieutenant commanders, etc.), it probably jumps to 740 million credits.  I still haven’t included the troops (Imperial Stormtrooper Corps, or Imperial Naval Trooper Corps).  If their ratio of officers to enlisted personnel is the same, that’s some 33% of their number being commissioned officers.  That’s about 3,200 of them, leaving 6,499 enlisted.  If the average (most numerous) commissioned officer grade is O-2 (first lieutenant), let’s say they’re earning 35k.  That’s an additional 112 million credits.  Now count the captains, majors & colonels:  about 200 million credits.  If the average rank of the troops is private second class (E-2), they’re pulling down about 10k, annually, apiece.  Another 64,990,000 IC.  Taking into account sergeants, platoon sergeants, sergeants first class, first sergeants, sergeants major:  bump that up to 74 million credits.  74 Mega-credits.  Getting pretty steep, already.  Now while the pay may seem low, remember, in the military, you don’t have to pay many bills.  Room & board are provided, as are benefits.  Oh, let’s not forget that.  Medical and dental, psychiatric, life, death, etc.  Per man, let’s say that runs about 200 credits/month.  That means the star destroyer is now running Emperor Palpatine some 7.417 million more credits/year to maintain.  Food?  Even though the servicemen aren’t paying for it, their pal Palpatine is, and since they lack replicator technologies, they, at best, have duplicators, which requires all the precise ingredients to be on hand; not raw, generic and cheap foodstock.  If the average guy consumes 3 meals/day, and there’s a cost of 5 IC/meal, 37,085 guys are going to run Palpatine 556.275k/day, or, about 203.1794438 million more credits/year.  We won’t go into such things as how the energy cost of maintaining perishable consumables, flight deck operations, or the average cost of their few months of consumables, nor the cost of maintaining/running their reactors.  As it is, we’re looking at some serious costs. 

1.      Base cost of an Imperial-1 class star destroyer:  1,000,000,000,000 (1000 billion) credits

2.      Paying your crew, keeping them ‘safe’, fed, etc.:  1.826156444 billion credits/year

3.      Blowing one up:  Priceless.

So, each Imperial-class star destroyer should be running the taxpayers »1,000,000,000,000 credits base cost, + 1.826156444 billion credits/year.  Niiice.  Now, at with a fleet of 25,000 of these flying boondoggles, alone, that should squeeze some 25 quadrillion credits + 46.539111 trillion credits/year.  If death benefits were available to the surviving families/beneficiaries, that should be about 10-20k lump sum payments from each person killed on board.  Averaged out to 15k, that’s another 556.275 million credits, imperial.

Let’s also not forget the fact that there’s also many other classes of ship out there in the Imperial Navy’s service, besides star destroyers running up a tab.  Now, let’s look at the Death Stars. 

Its length is approximately 1600 meters, and its volume is approximately 9E7 m³.

                                That’s the tertiary junior adjutant’s probably erroneous take on the volume of an Imperial-class star destroyer. The first Death Star was 120 km in diameter, with a possible volume of »1.728(1015)m3.  If the speculated 1,000,000,000,000 cost applied to the 9(1017)m3 of an Imperial-class star destroyer is scalable by volume, then (not counting such things as the superlaser technologies) the first Death Star should’ve run about 19.2 quintillion imperial credits, with the second station (»2.304(1015)m3) being larger, it should’ve run about 25.6 quintillion more.  Again, this doesn’t count special technologies.  The crew compliment of the first Death Star was about a half million, which would add another »24.6212275 billion credits.

                        In all, the tax base of the ‘Galactic’ Empire, over the short period of about 20 years, ran the taxpayers some 25 quadrillion credits + 46.539111 trillion credits/year, plus another »44.80000002(1018) credits over only about 5 years, with the Death Star failures.  A 44.82504656(1018) power bill is a lot for anyone to swallow.  That’s about 2.241252328(1018 )/year over about 20 years!

                        Now, let’s look at the Imperial armed forces overview.  The United States of America, circa July 2001 had an estimated population of »278,058,881.  The military availability (i.e. males 15-49) was »70,819,436, combined.  This is only »25.46922283% of the American population.  There are over 1.4 million on active duty (~0.5% of the population), with several hundred thousand reservists and National Guard soldiers available, for a total of perhaps two million (~0.7% of the population).

-Find on the Internet at:  “CIA World Factbook”, circa 2002

“Nearly 100 quadrillion beings pledged allegiance to the Republic in nearly fifty million systems.”

-Star Wars, the Role Playing Game (Second Edition), Chapter:  7:  The Star Wars Universe, The Republic, pg.:  126.  Written by Bill Smith.  Published by West End Games.

                                If about 100,000,000,000,000,000 people were part of the Galactic Republic, and they were ‘grandfathered’ into the ‘Galactic’ Empire, and if the same percentile (~0.5%) of the population volunteered for military service, then that would create a standing combined Imperial Army, Imperial Navy, Imperial Stormtrooper Corps and COMPNOR Assault Branch manpower total of »500,000,000,000,000 servicemen, or 5(1014).  Let it also not be forgotten, however, that Palpatine’s ‘Galactic’ Empire was always under “the draft”, and that, in some cases, entire worlds had their suitable population of candidates dragooned out from under them.  Assuming similar availability, this could raise the manpower total to »25,469,222,830,000,000 servicemen, or 25.469(1015). 

                        Now, let’s go back to cost.

                        Let’s say the majority (60%, or 15(1015) personnel) of the Imperial Armed Forces are enlisted men holding the rank of E-1.  Let’s say they’re pulling down about a 9.6k salary, and let’s say they make up 60% of that 60%.  That should mean they cost the ‘Galactic’ Empire about 88(1018) imperial credits, annually. Now, factoring in the NCO ranks (Non-Commissioned Officers, ranking higher than privates/seamen and holding ranks such as petty officers and sergeants), let’s say that 88(1018) goes up to about 127(1018) credits for the enlisted personnel of the Imperial Armed Forces.  


(continue here)

Let’s say, now, that the majority (51% of the remaining 52[10 ] servicemen) remaining percentage of the officers hold the rank of O-2, or first lieutenant, and are all pulling down about 35k.  That’s about 26.52(10 ) personnel costing 928.2(10 ) imperial credits.  Now, factoring in all the captains, naval lieutenants, colonels, lieutenant commanders, high generals, grand admirals, etc., this could skyrocket to 4(10 ) imperial credits for the commissioned officers of the Imperial Armed Forces. Finally, let’s acknowledge the fact that the »130(10 ) servicemen all have to eat and have their benefits.  200 Imperial credits/man/month for benefits, and 15 credits/man/day for food.  Food and benefits will run the Imperial Armed Forces financiers (the little people/taxpayers) some 1.0242235(10 ) imperial credits, annually.  Housing for »130(10 ) servicemen, were it as little as 150 imperial credits/month, would slap on another 234(10 ) imperial credits, annually.  Uniforms?  Between normal duty and dress uniforms, as well as other gear (belts, holsters, gloves, helmets, etc.), let’s say 50 credits for a pair of the regular duty uniforms, 350 for the dress uniforms, and 600 for the other gear (in the old 20th century US, a kevlar helmet could run about $200.00 US dollars).  That’s about 130(10 ) imperial credits to put clothing and equipment on the backs of »130(10 ) servicemen. We’ll ignore the fact that this increases with the amount of people that join/get drafted, annually.  However, there is the ‘clothing allowance’, which is normally about an extra 100 added to the check, every 4 months.  With it, servicemen are able to go to military clothing sales  outlets, and purchase replacements for damaged and worn uniforms, or purchase additional dress uniforms/related equipment.  For »130(10 ) servicemen, that’s another 52(10 ) imperial credits, annually.  Arms?  If each and every serviceman has a rifle and pistol issued to them, that could be about 500 IC for the pistol, and about 1,200 IC for the rifle.  That’s another 221(10 ) imperial credits down the drain (considering their firepower didn’t help them win their first and only real war).  Recreation:  no matter how the tertiary junior adjutant likes to try to portray the Imperial Armed Forces, they participate in recreational activities, too.  If it only cost a single credit/soldier, it would still run »130(10 ) imperial credits.

                        Now let’s look at the new total.

1.      Imperial-class star destroyer fleet construction costs:  »25(10 ) IC

2.      Paying the Imperial Armed Forces, annually:  4.65(10 ) IC

3.      Feeding, benefits of the Imperial Armed Forces, annually:  1.0242235(10 ) IC

4.      Housing the Imperial Armed Forces, annually:  234(10 ) IC

5.      Approximate cost of the first Death Star-class battlestation:  19.2(10 ) IC

6.      Approximate cost of the first Death Star-class battlestation:  25.6(10 ) IC

7.      Sidearms for the Imperial Armed Forces:  »221(10 ) IC

8.      Clothing and equipping the Imperial Armed Forces:  »130(10 ) IC

9.      Clothing allowance for the Imperial Armed Forces:  »52(10 ) IC

10. Recreational facilities for Imperial Armed Forces:  »130(10 ) IC

While some may believe this to be an exhaustive list, it most certainly is not.  It isn’t, and yet look how much it added up to:

»6.3561785(10 ) Imperial Credits

Emperor Palpatine:  the ultimate tax-and-spend liberal.  This left the “Nearly 100 quadrillion beings…” left holding the bag to the tune of »63.561785k in taxation to military expenditures, alone.  And that means, as my old drill sergeant used to say:  loddy-doddy, every body.  No matter how much you do, or don’t make a year, and how many average citizens earn enough over 63k annually, as to be able to still have enough to live off of, after Palpatine skims his cut off the top?  This doesn’t count the massive taxes paid by those in the Corporate Sector Authority, and those that had to pay taxes to their own regional (sectors of space, for instance), local (star system, planetary & municipal, for instance) and galactic (the Empire) governments.  Section 31 forensic accountants have uncovered a treasure trove of records dealing with moffs, sector moffs and grand moffs that have extorted the people under their authority for other ‘personal’ taxes.  In essence, the average taxpayer could find himself paying, perhaps, 64-65k annually in taxes of various kinds.  More than likely, the average citizen of the ‘Galactic’ Empire, unless born into some sort of privilege or good luck, could find themselves taxed into utter poverty, as soon as the Emperor proclaims  they’re old enough to start paying taxes. No wonder there are so many people in the Imperial Armed Forces; typically, servicemen pay fewer taxes, and get a pretty good pension from retirement.  That’s a good alternative to being taxed into madness, sterility and death.

This is where the tertiary junior adjutant’s great resource base comes from.  Is it any wonder why the ‘Galactic’ Empire went into a complete meltdown?  Is it any wonder why the New Republic is still cash-strapped, cleaning up after the ‘Galactic’ Empire’s mess, after booting them out?  Is it no wonder why the biggest enterprise the ‘Galactic’ Empire and the New Republic seem to have is criminal enterprise?  Their police forces are probably run ragged, and are near surrender.  They even have an entire government run by organized crime:  the HUTTS!  Corellians seem proud to admit that they’re a pack of thieves when they point to their smuggling records!  Han Solo, for instance used to be the lowest of the low:  a drug runner (spice).  He used to publicly brag about how quickly he could make the Kessel Run, in order to pick up his latest drug shipment and deliver it to his murdering criminal boss:  Jabba the Hutt, one of the worst of the Hutt mobsters.  Where I come from, both Solo and Hutt would be shot dead.  Instead, they make Han Solo a general, and ‘first gentleman’, consort to the failed and disgraced female president Leia Organa.  Politicians that marry and parade around with notorious criminals who have rap sheets including multiple counts of 1st and 2nd degree murder, drug smuggling, gun running, theft of government property, a dishonorable discharge from military service, assault, battery, aiding and abetting fugitives, fleeing and evading arrest and being accessories before and after the fact of serious crimes need to be disgraced, if not stoned.

These are all problems the United Federation of Planets has never faced, and, quite frankly, probably never will.  We may have our share of crooked politicians and military officials, but there’s a difference between ours and theirs:  ours are smarter.  Now, with the ‘Galactic’ Empire hiding it’s cowardly little head while the New Republic shows it’s military incompetence and complete reliance on luck to get by is crushed by the great unwashed hoards of the Yuuzhan Vong, it’s assured that it will take a long time for anyone to get their act together.  When Section 31 leads the UFP Starfleet into the Star Wars galaxy on it’s mission of conquest, the vast majority of the population will be begging to join up with us.  If not for regaining stability in their lives, at least for the chance to legally shoot and kill Imperials like the tertiary junior adjutant under the guise of being UFP-conscripted soldiers.

Before anyone can open their mouths and tell a big, fat lie, such as I’m allegedly insinuating that maintaining the United Federation of Planets Starfleet is cheap, let it be known that I don’t “insinuate” anything.  When I’m going to say it, I come right out and do so, and I am not saying the United Federation of Planets Starfleet is cheap.  In fact, chances are, all UFP Starfleet personnel get paid better than their Imperial counterparts.  We definitely have better benefits and equipment.  What I am saying is that it’s cheaper than the ‘Galactic’ Empire Imperial Armed Forces.  Our ships are smaller, more durable and, ultimately, cheaper.  This means the cost of a single star destroyer could construct several Galaxy, or even Sovereign-class starships.  The mighty Defiant-class, which is even more powerful than the Imperial-II class star destroyer, could have it’s fleet numbers increased by a great amount with the cost of a single Imperial-class star destroyer.  However, let’s be comparative, though.

1.      Galaxy-class explorer fleet construction costs:  »10(10 ) credits

Now let’s estimate 2 things.  Let’s speculate that the UFP Starfleet is in possession of 1,000 Galaxy-class explorers, and that the cost of each was about 10,000,000,000  credits (UFP, not IC).  The presence of such things as old matter re-sequencer technologies (dating back to Earth's own New United Nations Starfleet), and full-blown replicators would cut costs, dramatically, especially in light of the existence and possession of industrial replicators of large size.

“Industrial replicators are constructed in a variety of sizes, depending on the specific application.  The largest Starfleet unit to date is undergoing systems checkouts at the Utopia Planitia Fleet Yards on Mars and has an emitter delivery pad measuring 50.3 meters by 72.6 meters.  The device is being considered to produce large starship framing assemblies.”

-Star Trek Deep Space Nine Technical Manual, pgs. 63-64.  Written by Herman Zimmerman, Rick Sternbach & Douglas Drexler.  Published November 1998.

Imperial/New Republic/Corporate Sector Authority duplicator technologies are limited by several factors, including the fact that it does “…require raw materials composed of the appropriate elements to produce the necessary products, so vital supplies (foods, starship parts, weapons, miscellaneous consumables) still need to be shipped to fleets and space stations.  The tertiary adjutant also further confirms Section 31 scientific analysis by stating:  “…Mineral ores still need to be mined and refined.”  Then, there is the further critical limitation, as evidenced in his statement:  “…As a component-fabrication device, replicators are potentially useful but no more so than Imperial duplicators, which reconfigure matter at the molecular level and can be used for duplicating objects like weapons, machine components, etc. providing that the necessary raw materials are supplied (ref. Han Solo and the Lost Legacy).  This clearly implies that it, like the vast majority of other Imperial/New Republic/Corporate Sector Authority technologies is not based on nanotechnology, but microtechnology; a level of technology more consistent with 20th-21st century Earth (which was moving away from limiting microtechnology).  As for an alleged inability of UFP replicator technologies to change matter at the atomic level, even the biomatter re-sequencer was capable of doing that.

Chief Engineer, Commander Charles Tucker (in response to the question “when you flush the toilet, where does it go?”):  “First thing you’ve got to understand is we recycle pretty much everything on a starship.  That includes waste.  The first thing that happens to the waste is that it gets processed through a machine called a biomatter re-sequencer.  So, the waste is broken down into little molecules, and then they get transformed into any number of things we can use on board the ship.  Cargo containers, insulation, boots…You name it.”

Star Trek:  Enterprise, “Breaking the Ice”.  Written by Maria Jacquemetton & André Jacquemetton.  Directed by Terry Windell.

“The use of replicators dramatically reduces the requirement for carrying and storing both foodstuffs and spare parts.  The limiting factor is the energy cost of molecular synthesis versus the cost of carrying an object onboard the ship.  In the case of foodstuffs, the cost of maintaining a large volume of perishable supplies becomes prohibitive, especially when the cost of food preparation is included.  Here, the energy cost of molecular synthesis is justified, especially when one considers the dramatic mass savings involved with extensive recycling of organic material.”

  7.6 Replicator Systems, Replication versus Storage, pg.:  91.  Star Trek:  the Next Generation Technical Manual.  By Rick Sternbach and Michael Okuda.

The rest of this argument I’ll leave in the section “Section 31 Dysinformation Replicator Technologies”.  In any event, Human fecal matter, at the atomic level, is not very similar to leather boots or artificial thread uniforms (such as those worn by New United Nations/United Federation of Planets Starfleet officers).  Neither are cargo containers, nor insulation suitable for starships.  At least, that’s not what we make our insulation out of; I don’t know what the Empire’s doing, nowadays, with no resources or money to speak of.  In any event, this all goes to show that the reliance upon such things as  “…raw materials composed of the appropriate elements…” is dramatically reduced (perhaps greater than an 85% - 90% reduction), or eliminated, altogether through the use of the replicator.  This greatly cuts costs in both materials, manpower (for mining and other forms of mineral/ore acquisition) and time.  Therefore, I’d estimate the true cost of a single Galaxy-class explorer to be about 10 gigacredits (10,000,000,000 credits).  An old, 20th-21st century US Navy aircraft carrier of the Nimitz-class cost about 2 billion, and that definitely required a lot a manual labor and all the resources, without duplicator technologies.  In either event, that’s a savings of »24.99(10 ) credits.

2.      Paying UFP Starfleet personnel, annually:  1.824230769(10 ) credits

There are no publicly available estimates on the personnel availability of the United Federation of Planets Starfleet.  However, let’s say they’re roughly equal to that of the ‘Galactic’ Empire, and use the same formula.  There are other factors, though, that we cannot utilize for determining UFP Starfleet’s size.  We came up with an initial possible/probable size of »25.45922283(10 ) servicemen.  Let it also not be forgotten that not even during the Dominion War, nor the ongoing battle with the Borg Collective, was there any mention of the draft.  So, while the ‘Galactic’ Empire continues to engage in such unethical practices as attempting to draft the entire suitable populations of planets that they conquer, the UFP does not, precluding them from such numbers as a manpower total to »130(10 ) servicemen. Let’s round it up to »25.5(10 ) servicemen.  Now, let’s say they get paid twice (even though it’s probably, more realistically 1.5 to 1.75 times) as much as their enemies in the Imperial Armed Forces.  High, but still a savings of »2.825769231(10 ) credits over what the Imperial citizens were getting soaked for.

3.      Feeding, benefits of UFP Starfleet personnel, annually:  4.335(10 )  credits

Now, again, retaining the premise that each serviceman consumes about 3 (square) meals/day (not some little dried out ration cakes), let’s say it runs about 5 credits/meal.  Now, we’ve got »25.5(10 ) servicemen packing away 382.5(10 ) credits worth of chow a day.  A 365.25 day UFP standard year later, and if they haven’t eaten you out of house and home, you’ve spent »139.708125(10 ) credits.  Benefits.  The cost of medical benefits would plummet pretty dramatically, considering the fact that the majority of required materials would almost always be on hand, thanks to the replicator.  Sticking to the 200 credits/month/serviceman formula, let’s subtract 15% from that, due to the replicator being able to provide medical supplies (including pharmaceuticals and other medical supplies) cheaply, and on demand .  That’s a savings of about 1.0198885(10 ) credits.

4.      Housing UFP Starfleet personnel, annually:  »61.2(10 ) credits

Still sticking with the old formula of about 150 credits/month/serviceman, it should also be remembered that Starfleet doesn’t discriminate, like the Imperial Armed Forces are famous for, and so their constituents are not all Human.  Some even have special requirements, such as different atmospheric media for respiration, gravity, etc.  Let’s say it’s 200/serviceman/month for the room and board of UFP Starfleet personnel. »25.5(10 ) Servicemen would run »61.2(10 ) credits to the United Federation of Planets, annually.  This would still be a savings of 172.8(10 ) credits over what Imperial citizens were getting beaten over the head with, every paycheck.

5.      Approximate cost of the first Death Star-class battlestation:  19.2(10 ) IC

6.      Approximate cost of the first Death Star-class battlestation:  25.6(10 ) IC

Now, it’s already been mentioned that the United Federation of Planets isn’t very likely to fund something as stupid as a “Death Star”; much less 2 of them.  And darned sure not within 5 years of each other.  However, let’s say the UFP Starfleet constructs 1,000 large starbases, each capable of accommodating several (say 5) of the Sovereign-class explorers within internal spacedocks.  Now, let’s say each runs some 100 gigacredits (100,000,000,000 credits).  That’s 100 teracredits (100,000,000,000,000 credits) for 1,000 major starbases, and a savings of some 44.7999(10 ) credits for installations that will be in operation for more than a month, apiece (unlike the Death Stars, the second of which never actually entered service, but merely had it’s armaments and power sources rushed into completion).  For 44.7999(10 ) credits, that’s a lot more starbases you can build.

7.      Sidearms for UFP Starfleet personnel:  »0 credits

If the phasers and lasers were to cost approximately the same, then the cost of arming the »25.5(10 ) UFP Starfleet servicemen would run the UFP taxpayers some 500 for a pistol, and 1,200 for a rifle.  However, with the replicator, 43.35(10 ) credit bill gets put away.  A full savings of 221(10 ) credits over what the Imperials get raked over the coals for.  As a humorous side note, a phaser pistol was demonstrated for a Star Wars galaxy criminal a short time ago, and it was immediately given a black market value of 1,000,000 Imperial credits.  Needless to say, we didn’t release the type 1 phaser pistol for sale.

8.      Clothing & equipping UFP Starfleet Personnel:  »2.55(10 ) credits

Again, it goes without saying that the United Federation of Planets Starfleet has the best equipment in the business, and the forces of the ‘Galactic’ Empire wouldn’t even have the education to know what to do with the vast majority of it.  In any event, with replicator technologies stepping in, »25.5(10 ) UFP Starfleet servicemen would run a pretty hefty »1k, each, running up to »25.5(10 ) credits.  However, once again, due to technologies the Imperials don’t have (the replicator), some 90% of this can be chopped off, dropping it down to a far more fair and manageable »2.55(10 ) credits.  A savings of 127.45(10 ) credits over the Imperials, that are obviously made of money, and being more than merely nickeled & dimed to death.

9.      Clothing allowance for UFP Starfleet Personnel:  »0 credits

Don’t need one, when you’ve got a replicator. Going to tailors (such as my buddy Elim’s old shop back at Deep Space 9) would come out of their regular pay.  52(10 ) Credits back in your pocket.

10. Recreational facilities for UFP Starfleet personnel:  »65(10 ) credits

                        With the advent of holodeck technologies, I’d say that this would take at least half of the costs away, considering there are nothing but favorable reviews for most, modern holodecks.  There are, however, still actual recreational facilities (such as the one the future Captain Jean-Luc Picard would be beaten and stabbed to death at; I’ll stick to holodecks, just like he does, now).  That would be a savings of 65(10 ) credits.

This whole shebang added up to be »6.3561785(10 ) credits, with a savings to the United Federation of Planets taxpayers of »4.463797621(10 ) credits.  Wow. »4.463797621(10 ) credits.  That’s a lot of Death Stars.  The citizens of the UFP save almost as much as the dupes of the Empire spend (which was »6.3561785(10 ) Imperial Credits).  Only 1.892380879(10 ) credits difference.  That’s a lot of star destroyer money, and we won’t even talk about other wastes of cash, like the World Devastator Project, the Galaxy Gun Project and others. 

The economy of the Galactic (“Old”) Republic/‘Galactic’ Empire/New Republic/Corporate Sector Authority must not have ever been anything good and dependable.  With the Corporate Sector being an entire region of space handed over to the largest, most powerful of corporations (TaggeCo., Kuat Drive Yards, Rendili StarDrive, Merr-Sonn, etc.), there’s no excuse for their economy to be sagging as badly as it apparently does.  Actually, yes, there is:  brainless, mindless greed.  Sure, there’s nothing wrong with being the richest man in the Known Galaxy (or at least wanting to be), but when you do it with such tactics as making thousands of shipyards over the centuries and virtually refusing to do things like, oh, hire people, utilizing mainly automation through the form of actual robots and other mechanization, while you don’t get stuck paying a lot of things (like wages, salaries, benefits, etc.), when the people don’t have any money, they can’t buy your products.  Especially when everybody uses the robots as their ‘get rich quick’ scheme.  There’s only one place people can go for a job:  the military; and in the Trade Federation (which lost it’s franchise with the Galactic Republic for their own greed), even that’s not a sure thing, considering the vast majority (if not all of them) of their armies are robots, too.  Probably the only reason Palpatine didn’t go the same route was a personal dissatisfaction with their performance (even though they fought better than both the stormtroopers and the Galactic Republic Army), and the knowledge that he probably couldn’t get away with putting »25.45922283(10 ) - 130(10 ) servicemen out of work.  Not even he had that kind of mastery over his paranormal “Force”.  Certainly would’ve saved him a mint, though.

The United Federation of Planets also has something that the ‘Galactic’ Empire, apparently, had very little of:  free trade.  Let’s look at this very simplistically.  Circa the year 2000, the United States of America had a GDP (Gross Domestic Product, purchasing power parity) of approximately *$9.963 trillion US dollars.  It’s GDP real growth rate was approximately *5%.  The GDP per capita purchasing power parity was approximately *36.2k.  There was a *140.9 million personnel labor force available.  As of *1997, 6.9 billion US dollars were poured out in foreign aide to other nations.  *The USA had a population of 278,058,881 (July 2001 estimate).  *Unemployment was 4% in the year 2000 (est.). *Budgetary revenues were estimated at 1.828 trillion US dollars, in 1999.  *Budgetary expenditures were about 1.703 trillion US dollars, circa 1999.  Ok, now let’s look at the United Federation of Planets. With territorial holdings of approximately the same size as the former ‘Galactic’ Empire and Old Republic, let’s say they’ve the same amount of citizenry (“…Nearly 100 quadrillion beings pledged allegiance to the Republic in nearly fifty million systems.”).

*-Internet source:  “CIA World Factbook”, circa 2002

-Star Wars, the Role Playing Game (Second Edition), Chapter:  7:  The Star Wars Universe, The Republic, pg.:  126.  Written by Bill Smith.  Published by West End Games.

                        A population of 100,000,000,000,000,000 people is »359.6360585 million times the US population circa July 2001.  Now, given the near-idyllic state the planet Earth is in, the rest of the UFP couldn’t be too far behind, because the majority I’ve seen (with the exception of colonies like that of the homeworld of the late Natasha Yar, former Chief of Security of the NCC-1701-D USS Enterprise) have been just as prosperous.  So let’s break this down:

1.      Circa the year 2000, the United States of America had a GDP (Gross Domestic Product, purchasing power parity) of approximately *$9.963 trillion US dollars.  IF this had anything to do with the size of it’s actual working, prosperous population, then both the United Federation of Planets and ‘Galactic’ Empire should’ve had a GDP of »3.583053051(10 ) credits from it’s “… Nearly 100 quadrillion beings…” by the present day of 2380 (UFP calendar). 

2.      It’s GDP real growth rate was approximately *5%.  With a GDP of »3.583054051(10 ) credits, by the next fiscal year (2381), it should have increased to 3.762206754(10 ) credits.  Then to  3.950317091(10 ) in 2382.

3.      The GDP per capita purchasing power parity was approximately *36.2k.  Let’s say this remains static.

4.      There was a *140.9 million personnel labor force available.  Now, considering the UFP places very little reliance upon robots (none, in many quarters), this meant that the workforce wouldn’t be inundated, as it is in the “Old” Republic, ‘Galactic’ Empire, New Republic and Corporate Sector Authority.  140.9 Million personnel represent approximately 50.67272065% of the American population of July 2001.  50.67272065% Of the population of a “…100 quadrillion…” citizen United Federation of Planets would be about 50.67272065(10 ) people.  50.67272065(10 ) People is 359.6360586 million times the American workforce of the year 2000.  This should be the same for the ‘Galactic’ Empire, but we know this to be untrue, considering most corporations seem to avoid hiring people, in order to save money, and just acquire vast workforces of robots.  This labor force also includes the unemployed, as does the American figure.

5.      As of 1997, 6.9 billion US dollars were poured out in foreign aide to other nations.  If the UFP had a budgetary revenue of about 657.4145315(10 ) credits, and their ‘foreign aide’ spending to other nations was proportionate, this would mean that payments approximately .377461706% of their revenue went to this.  That would mean that the UFP could afford to put out 2.481488106(10 ) credits in such ventures.  The Empire should’ve been able to afford this, too.

6.      Unemployment was 4% in the year 2000 (est.).  This would boil down to 4(10 ) unemployed throughout the United Federation of Planets Starfleet, and it should be that way in the ‘Galactic’ Empire.  About 5.636 million were unemployed in the US, circa 2000.

7.      Budgetary revenues were estimated at 1.828 trillion US dollars, in 1999.  If we base this upon the number in the workforce (that are actually working), this would be about 48.64579824(10 ) personnel (about 359.6359581 million times the ‘actual’ workforce of the USA circa the year 2000) earning about 657.4145315(10 ) credits for the UFP and Galactic Empire.   

8.      Budgetary expenditures were about 1.703 trillion US dollars, circa 1999.  This is about 93.1619256% of the budgetary revenues, meaning that if spending continued like this, they’d be shelling out some 612.4600367(10 ) credits, annually (each fiscal year).

Realistically, the statistics of the United Federation of Planets are probably much higher.  In the ‘Galactic’ Empire, though, they obviously are not.  »6.3561785(10 ) Imperial Credits being spent contributed to their demise.  Like the Klingon Empire, which devoted the vast majority of it’s spending to it’s military, it collapsed under the weight of it’s own unsustainable spending.  The Klingon Empire would’ve, as well, had it not been for foreign aide packages from the United Federation of Planets.  The ‘Galactic’ Empire was not the recipient of such largesse, and probably won’t be.  Like I said, earlier, however:  simplistic.  I do not claim to be a financial analyst, or a nation-builder.  I’m a spy, and generally kill people for  a living.  Had a couple of idiots not messed things up, I’d have racked up a body count of about a few billion enemies of the United Federation of Planets by wiping out the Founders.  This also doesn’t take into account the fact that the United Federation of Planets credit is probably worth far more on exchange than the Imperial credit, as well.  The UFP has it’s own corporations, and numerous trading partners (such as the Ferengi Alliance, the Klingon Empire, etc.), and able to keep their economy vital through trade.  The ‘Galactic’ Empire is virtually a closed financial system, as is the New Republic.  Both the UFP and the Empire have massive corporations that generate unheard of revenues, however, unlike in the Empire and New Republic, those corporations put their finances back into the galaxy, as opposed to their own pockets (and Palpatine’s).  As long as they keep hiring and paying employees by the billions, people by the billions will continue buying their products, goods and services.  In the Corporate Sector, they hire people, simply so they can have people within their own territorial space to buy their own goods and services.  Buying outside the CSA can result in the levying of heavy fines and tariffs, keeping competitors prices from being competitive, after all.  As long as the CSA and New Republic and the Empire continue on this road to nowhere, that’s precisely where they will go:  nowhere. 

The entire economic basis of the ‘Galactic’ Empire was to hoard wealth away from everybody else.  The Corporate Sector Authority paid unreasonable sums to the Emperor, in order to be allowed continued existence.  To offset this, they demanded more for their goods and services, because they refused to let their companies take the financial hits.  In return, Emperor Palpatine ‘gifted’ his friends, the plutocrats of the CSA, with massive, exclusive contracts.  Such as the contract to construct 25,000 Imperial-class star destroyers.  At about a trillion IC apiece, that netted some 25(10 ) credits.  If a 10% sales tax was tacked on, that raised the contract price to »27.5(10 ) credits.  However, as we all know, a lot of people charge tax.  In the United States of America, circa the 21st century, in the State of Michigan, there was 6% sales tax, plus state tax, plus federal taxation, plus possible city and county taxes, as well.  So let’s say there’s a Corporate Sector Authority tax of 5%.  Then, there’s any taxation that Kuat Drive Yards puts on work done in their space for outside interests.  Let’s say another 5%.  Imperial tax:  another 5%.  Then, there’s a little thrown in for the sake of personal profit, wear and tear on the robot work force (you’ll be paying for that, too; not them), time and materials.  Another 20%.  Altogether, this increases the cost of 25(10 ) credits to 33.75(10 ) credits.  That’s 1.35 times the first price, and it probably, in reality, goes much, much higher.  It might have even run up to about 50(10 ) credits; Palpatine didn’t care; it wasn’t him that was paying for it, anyway.  The treasury was his money, and he certainly wasn’t going to pay for anything he could make everybody else pay for.  When it comes to the Death Star, also think of research and development costs.  Engineering the frame of the station so the prefabricated city sprawls would fit together as they did.  The creation of a hypermatter power generator the size of a small continent.  A computer core that wasn’t too much smaller (if it was smaller, at all).  The research and development of a hyperdrive and sublight propulsion system that would move such a massive, plodding object.  Last, but certainly not the least, the superlaser.  Maybe we should be looking more in the 1(10 ) credit range.  However, a government of plutocrats doesn’t care about such things as consumer hardship, considering the consumers have no alternative but to pay for their goods and services; literally, they’re the only game in town.  It is precisely this sort of plutocratic robber-baron mentality that is in charge of the Corporate Sector Authority, and was alive and well in Emperor Palpatine’s court.  It robs the people blind, and lines it’s own pockets, without giving anything back.  It is precisely this plutocratic robber-baron mentality that gutted and destroyed the infrastructure of the ‘Galactic’ Empire, and, to a large degree, severely injured that of both the “Old” and New Republic.

“The point is that they’re not being manufactured by the Empire,” Pellaeon said.  “They’re being scrounged from who knows where -- probably some fringe pirate or mercenary gang.  And they’re being scrounged precisely because we’re down to a single major shipyard and it can’t keep up with demand for capital ships, let alone starfighters.”

-Captain Pellaeon plaintively speaking to Captain Ardiff.

-Star Wars:  “Specter of the Past”, page:  7.  Written by Timothy Zahn; published by Bantam Spectra, 1997.

Common sense says that when you’re trying to sustain a military in wartime, and you’ve only got 1, inadequate, overworked shipyard, to make another one.  Well, that’s too bad, because the ‘Galactic’ Empire can’t.  They literally can’t afford it.  So, instead, they have to make small contracts for the purchase of starfighters, and probably only on the budgets of the spatial territories of individual moffs, grand moffs and ‘warlords’.  The factious Imperial Remnant doesn’t even have enough credits to pay attention to their situation, and actually try to be an empire by pooling their resources into a single treasury.  Instead, they try undercutting one another, some making themselves instant grand admirals, some making idiots like “Emperor Solo” their leaders.  The ‘Galactic’ Empire is no more than a duplicate of the Kazon sects of the Delta Quadrant.  Barely unified by a name, and only when they’re facing a mutual enemy that they can’t face, alone.  They don’t, individually, have the finances to even build a shipyard.  What few they have are pre-existing, and not new constructions.  Another consequence of the broken nature of the so-called Imperial Remnant is the fact that their lack of unity on such things as fiscal policy (or lack thereof) leads them to equipment disparities.  One petty warlord may equip his troops with this type of weapon, while this little self-made moff equips his soldiers with that type of weapon.  This person gets his armor, here, while that person gets his armor from his own facilities, and makes them in a completely different fashion, because that’s the way he wants them, and so it becomes the ‘new standard’.  It makes for troops that are not properly trained, and causes dangerous situations when they are forced to work together, because they don’t have very many things in common.  After all, if you’re trained to use different types of equipment from each other, you’re trained differently from each other.  In combat, the Imperials will suffer for this, greatly.

“There are whole star systems whose gross domestic product is less than the cost of a single Star Destroyer.  There are whole nations which, throughout their entire history, do not use as much energy as a Star Destroyer expends to make a single Hyperspace jump.”

  -Star Wars the Role Playing Game (Second Edition) Sourcebook, page:  32, by Bill Slavicsek & Curtis Smith; published by West End Games November 1987; Trademarks of LFL used by West End Games Inc., under authorization.

 As big as their wasteful hypermatter annihilators are, they’re still not very good, much less efficient.

“Annihilation reactant condensed in silos is denser than the ship’s bulk by many orders of magnitude.”

-Star Wars Attack of the Clones Incredible Cross Sections, the Definitive Guide to the Craft from Star Wars:  Episode II.; Republic Assault Ship, pg.:  23.  Written by Curtis Saxton

A fraction of the size of the primary power source of an Imperial-class star destroyer, the power infrastructure of a Galaxy-class explorer generates »2.8000028(10 ) watts.  That’s enough energy to power the United States of America, circa 1999, which had a kilowatt hours rating of 3.45 trillion, and 3.678 trillion kilowatt hours in electrical production  (-Internet source:  CIA World Factbook).

While Imperial/New Republic/Corporate Sector Authority ‘duplicator’ technologies require all ingredients before being able to make something, UFP replicators can utilize such things as raw foodstock and make a delicious feast, seasoned to taste.  Then, they can recycle it all for use as something else.  This eliminates the cost of feeding, clothing and equipping UFP Starfleet servicemen, as well as paying a quarterly clothing allowance.  Then, let’s not forget that the United Federation of Planets isn’t into funding such massive and idiotic projects as creating 120 kilometer in diameter space stations that run more than the gross domestic products of some entire worlds, individually.  Clearly, the Imperial Treasury was not too much more than the Emperor’s piggy-bank, and the government (the ‘Galactic’ Empire) paid for virtually nothing, only collecting money to pay themselves, and collecting more revenues to pay for everything else.  Then, let’s not forget that the United Federation of Planets is not, and never was, a police state, and doesn’t devote as much of it’s budget to military spending as the ‘Galactic’ Empire, in the first place.  

 



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