Section 2 Technology
Section 2.4.2

Transporters

The transporter systems aboard the USS Enterprise D operates up to 40,000 km though the emergency evacuation transports are only capable of a range of 15,000 km. When a low level (sub 1,000 millicochrane) field is in place transport is possible with a series of adjustments requiring an upshifting of the ACB frequency. At fields above 1,000 millicochrane transport is possible between two sites within the same field or between two sites within 40,000 km operating in a field of similar integral value. Attempting to transport while at non-equivalent cochrane field outputs may result in severe loss of ACB pattern integrity. This could scramble the pattern of the subject and prove fatal to living organisms. (Sternbach and Okuda 1991) In contradiction to Starfleet protocol B'Elanna Torres attempted this in 2372 to rescue Commander Chakotay from the Kazon. Other examples include touch and go down warping. Though strictly this refers to the warp field it is a method of dropping from warp and re-accelerating rapidly. The Enterprise D used this maneuver in 2365 to transport an away team to Gravesworld. Though the warp field creates small problems, the presence of deflector shields almost completely negates transport because the ACB can no longer propagate normally across the required EM and subspace bandwidths. The spatial distortions caused by shields can also seriously disrupt pattern integrity. Subspace transporters are not affected by these limitations both distance and deflector shield but due to the nature of subspace to send matter into a subspace domain it must be put into a very unstable quantum flux a technique that can damage the transport subject. (Okuda and Okuda 1997)

After the dematerialization the matter is stored in a super conducting tokamak device. This storage allows the Doppler compensators to correct for the relative motion of the target and the ship’s emitter array. Due to the critical nature of this system the pattern buffer requires to systems working synchronously. Since 2319 pattern buffers have been mulitplexed to eliminate the possibility of a subject suffering transporter psychosis. In theory a pattern can remain intact in the pattern buffer for 420 seconds before degradation begins to occur, normally this would not happen and the pattern would be re-materialized instantly. Exceptions to this include a transporter onboard the Jenolan that was modified by Montgomery Scott to keep he and Matt Franklin alive for 75 years. The attempt was partially successful in that Scott was freed but the pattern of Franklin degraded and could not be reformed. The USS Yosemite while attempting to beam plasma into the ship suffered catastrophic results due to quasi-energy-microbes in the pattern buffer. Due to the difficulties of describing the wave function of matter in the pattern buffer, the computer does not "know" the properties of the matter. However in a transporter accident in 2372 the crew of the USS Orinoco NCC 72905 were beamed out during a sabotage effort by the Cardassian Separatist Movement "The True Way". Due to the inability to store the pattern the computer instead chose to encode the entire structure at an atomic level (Gillian 1995). Deep Space Nine is equipped with 104,976 class 4 isolinear rods with intermediate data caching performed by 8748 class 4 rods with 526 gigaquads supplemented by a Starfleet CPG. Now if Class 4 rods have a diameter of 7.43 cm and a length of 31.96 cm (Zimmerman et al. 1998) then they have a volume of :

Cylinder Volume defined by: p r2h where p is the transindental figure approximated to: 3.1415926535897932384626433832795

Therefore we find the radius of the rod 7.43/2 = 3.715cm and square it. This is then multipled by the length:

43.3578270705397941875015954274017*31.96 =

1385.71615317445182223255098985976 cm3

The rods use a slightly older chromopolymer technologies employing 5.37 kiloquads per cubic centimetre thus giving:

7441.29574254680628538879881554689 kiloquads per rod

This gives primary storage per core

781157461.869593536614974544460851 kiloquads

Intermediate data per core

65096455.1557994613845812120384042 kiloquads

Total Deep Space Nine Storage

195289365.467398384153743636115213 + 2343472385.6087806098449236333824
+3(526,000) =
2538761751.0761789939986672694976+1578000000
DS9 total storage capacity of::

4,116,761,751,076 quads of data. (to nearest quad integer) = 4.12 terraquds to 2 (d.p.)

It took the entire storage capacity of the station to map quantum resolution of five crew members neural patterns. If we could resolve this figure we could deduce the value of a quad and therefore the total storage capacity of Federation technology.

Stages in Transportation

Target scan and co-ordinate lock
Initial step wherein co-ordinates are programmed into the transporter system and targeting systems verify range and relative motion, as well as confirming suitable environmental conditions for personnel transport. Simultaneously the transporter runs through a standard diagnostic cycle to ensure it is operating to within operational standards for personnel use.
Energize and dematerialize
The molecular imagining scanners derive a real-time quantum-resolution pattern of the transport subject while the primary energizing coils and phase transition coils convert the subject into a subatomically debonded matter stream.
Pattern Buffer Doppler Compensation
The matter stream is briefly held in the pattern buffer, which allows the system to compensate for the Doppler shift between the ship and the transport destination. The pattern buffer also acts as a safety device in case of system malfunction, permitting transport to be aborted to another chamber.
Matter Stream Transmission
The actual point of departure from the ship is one of seventeen emitter pads arrays that transmit the matter stream within an annular confinement beam to the transport destination. If the annular confinement beam were disengaged the materializing matter stream would have no reference matrix against which to form. In such a case the transport subject would be rematerilaised as a random collection of atomic and subatomic matter most likely in the form of a gaseous material.

Sternbach and Okuda 1991

At the heart of the transporter system is a device controlled by a quantum resonance oscillator. The taking of this device alone would allow the duplication of transporter technology by persons unable to create the technology alone. When Kazon-Nistrim, under the direction of Seska, stole one of these modules, the two were able to adapt transporter technology to a Kazon vessel. Transporter ID Data maintained by computers in a Federation transporter system that tracks the identity of any subject beamed through the transporter. The trace provides a mechanism to verify whether or not an individual has actually been beamed through a particular transporter.

see quantum entanglement

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