Moon

 

 

 

 

1610

 

Earth based

Galileo

Maps craters and mountains on the moon.

1647

 

Earth based

Johannes Hevelius

Produces possibly best map of his century of lunar surface.

1778

 

Earth based

Johanne Schroter

Very accurate maps with suggested heights of lunar mountains

1959

4 October

Flyby

Lunik III

Photographed far side of the moon

1966

1967

Orbiter

5 lunar orbiters

Probe for suitable landing sites.

1966

24 August

Orbiter

Lunik X

Successful orbit

1968

December

Orbiter

Apollo 8

First manned orbit of the Moon. Borman Loveland MajorWilliam A Anals orbit moon 10 times.

1969

7 August

Orbiter

Zond 7

First USSR biological specimen sent around the moon.

1994

August

Orbiter

Clementine

Discovers possible ice during Feb - May  1994

1997

October

Orbiter

Luna Prospector

Mission to confirm existence of ice.

1959

12 September

hard Landing

Lunik II

Photographs 4316 television pictures before hard landing on Mare Nubium

1964

28 July

hard landing

Ranger 7

First soft landing, on Ceanus Procellarum

1966

31 January

soft landing

Lunik IX

First US soft landing

1966

30 May

soft landing

Surveyor

Photographically analysed soil on moon.

1967

17 April

lander

Surveyor 3

Chemically analysed soil using alpha particle scattering. First on site examination of an extra terrestrial body.

1967

8 September

lander

Surveyor 5

landed on Mare Tranquilliatus

1970

10 November

Lander

Luna 17

First Luna Rover Lunokhod 1

1973

January

lander

Lunokhood 2

Luna 21 drops Lunokhood 2 on the moon

1970

12 September

Sample Return

Luna 16

Recovers 113g of soil

1969

July 16 2:55 GMT

Manned Landing

Apollo 11

First man on the moon. landed on Mare Tranquilliatus

1969

Jul-30

Manned Landing

Apollo 15

4.6 billion year old basaltic crust recovered. Apollo astronauts find traces of comet ion trails in regolith. landed at Hadley-Apennines.

 

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