Section 4

The History of the Future

In 1967 the United Federation Time Ship Aeon under the command of Captain Braxton was marooned in the past. The crashing of the ship was observed by one Henry Starling. Starling over the course of the next 29 years studied as much technology as he could and based the computer industry on what he could learn from 29th Century technology. Starling claimed that he alone, using this technology created the microprocessor revolution. As it would have taken Starling many years to even understand any of the technology in the time ship his "inventions" are unlikely to have affected any of the major technological developments of the late sixties. These obviously include the Gemini and later Apollo missions from NASA. After this period though, the introduction of technologies from the future would have had a profound change on the development of science.

It is noted that there was other interference in this period of history notably the year later in 1968 when an operative for an unknown extraterrestrial race, Gary 7, attempted to protect humanity from its own destruction. Though Gary 7 was hindered by the crew of the USS Enterprise his mission was completed successfully and humanity survived these critical years. The following week July 16, the first Saturn V Moon landing mission was launched named Apollo 11. This mission successfully allowed humanity to land on another body. However, the following year the USS Enterprise again crossed back in time on this occasion accidentally injuring John Christopher and almost stopping the 2009 Earth-Saturn mission. It is believed no lasting damage was left after these two incidents.

In 1986 the crew of the USS Enterprise aboard a commandeered Klingon Bird of Prey attempted time travel to repopulate the oceans of the twenty third century. It is very likely that this incursion left the molecular formula for transparent-aluminum in the hands of a twentieth century scientist Dr. Nichols working at Plexicorp in San Francisco. At this time, what we could observe of America suggested little alteration from our own timeline. However, this may have been due to the superficial nature of the observations. However, the computer observed in Dr. Nichols’ office seemed far in excess of known processor speeds for mid 1980’s computers and the software was both powerful and extremely versatile. This may suggest that Starling’s Chronowerx Corporation had started introducing powerful computer systems onto the market.

In science, one development or large venture may spawn many other achievements in other disciplines. The most obvious example of this is the mid 1960’s "space-race". In America substantial sums of money were made available for scientific research that may have benefited the American space program. This meant that after the Moon landings many scientific breakthroughs in other areas occurred. Similarly the advent of new supercomputers earlier in the time line would have facilitated the development of several disciplines. Reports from the Federation databases on the end of the twentieth century are incomplete, but they do describe a period of war on Earth. It is not unreasonable to extrapolate that the war its self made such records scarce. It was noted by Commander Spock that the 1990’s war was the last of the World Wars. This period from 1992 to 1996 has become known as the Eugenics war. It was a period of genetic experiment and resultant conflict. In 1992 we did not have the capability to genetically engineer "super men" however if genetic science had the capability to use cannibalised 29th century technology the science would have made significant breakthroughs far earlier. In attempting to create a technological revolution and set himself up as a billionaire, Starling may have inadvertently given to others the power to start a devastating war. From Leonard McCoy’s examination and Kahn Noonien Singh’s boasts we can assume that the genetically engineered peoples had a lung efficiency some 50% better than normal human respiration and heart action twice normal strength. Physically the engineered peoples had some five times the strength of n ordinary person. It is likely that even given accelerated breeding the "supermen" had to be born some time before 1990, though no figures on these dates can be established. By 1993 a group of supermen simultaneously seized control in 40 countries. The "greatest" of these dictators was one Kahn Noonien Singh. In the years from 1992 through 1996 he became absolute ruler of of world. Kahn’s empire stretched from Asia through the middle East. He was the last of the tyrants to be over thrown, however he was never apprehended and 84 genetically engineered criminals were never accounted for. It was later found that these criminals escaped aboard a DY100 sleeper ship. The vessel represented the peak of engineering at the time, however the chances of it actually reaching any habitable planet were considered to be 10,000 to 1. Kahn’s regimes were marked by strong dictatorial pressures but it is noted that under him there were no massacres. This seems contrary to the regimes other genetic soldiers established where not only were freedoms curtailed but routinely innocents were massacred. We know that during this time there were great wars, not only against the tyrants but infighting amongst themselves. It was noted that during this time, entire cities were bombed out of existence. However, it is possible that such fighting never reached America giving the scenes in Futures End (Bragga and Menosky 1996).

Sometime prior to 1999 NASA restarted the successful Voyager program that had previously explored the solar system from 1977 to 1989. The probe Voyager VI was issued with a mission to learn all that is learnable and return the data to its creator. The probe falls through a displacement and on the other side of the Galaxy is modified by unknown aliens to better accomplish its mission. Along the way the probe reaches sentience and begins a journey home to deliver the information to its creator. Space exploration continued in the new millennium in a manner far in excess of what can be expected from current space administration bodies. The year 2002 saw the launch of the Nomad probe. The Nomad probe is the first probe designed with a primary mission to seek out new life. By 2007 a manned mission to Saturn was achieved, the ship probably employed a sleeper style arrangement of the DY class. The mission was manned by Shawn Geoffey Christopher. By 2018 the technological advancements in space propulsion made interstellar journeys fast enough that cryogenic system were no longer necessary. The presence of the DY series space vehicles and the later Nomad mission suggests that Earth evolved along a technologically different path to the earth of today.

By 2020 there were serious political and social problems in the world, though the wars of the 1990’s had finished. In America the growing unemployment and social problems led to the concept of Sanctuary Districts to help the mentally ill and those looking for work. Unfortunately the process was self defeating and led to the establishment of ghettos. People were condemned to live in squalor even though the Government of the time was trying to solve the social problem. In Early September 2024 a number of internees in Sanctuary District A took hostages. The government response led to the killing of hundreds of people but the event brought to the attention of the American people the plight of the unemployed. After this event there were great reforms.

In France Neo-Trotskyists came to power in an effort to quell a series of student protests. This government was as unsuccessful as the previous government. The theory of Trotskyism is founded by the anti-Stalinist movement of 1936 by Trotsky himself. On Lenin’s death (1924), Trotsky and Stalin became the main rivals for succession. Stalin, general secretary of the party and a skilled infighter, opposed Trotsky’s advocacy of world revolution with his plan for "socialism in one country." Trotskyism advocates a world wide revolution by the Proletariat. Trotsky was extradited from his country and was prominent in anti-Stalinist writings until his murder in 1940. Both politicians represented different types of communism. It has been argued that the government in control of Earth as of the 23rd/24th Century represents a type of Communism.

Given that the fundamentals of communism is the abolishment of the class system which does not exist in Star Trek it seems by definition the government is communist. The significant problems with this argument is that we must be careful what we mean when referring to communism as the social organizational structure is complex and diversified, the name
alone has little meaning other than its most basic definition. The term has ambiguity due to the religious overtones of the early basis versus the science base of Communist Manifesto. Also given that the Manifesto is rather unclear in many areas especially application and social development, we have and history records the development of many interpretations. Even though the Russian Revolution gave rise to the now commonly held association of Marxism and Communism in Russia Communism wasn't introduced until around 1883.

The second major problem is that we have a significant lack of information on the actual structure of the Federation Government. There are a number of facts that we have either never been shown or are discussed only briefly. However, if we accept the abolishment of class as a basis of Communism and given that most forms are fundamentally based on the this dictate and given that in the Federation the accumulation and retention of material wealth is not the driving force behind the society, we see other foundational connections between the systems. Our knowledge of the abolishment of any class system from the Federations reaction to the re-instatement of the D'jarra system on Bajor in 2372 (Espenson 1996). Communism also holds that public control/ownership of the production and industry is paramount, that is that megacorporations such as we have today can not control the distribution of assets in society. This is what happens in the Federation, the society demonstrates evolved sensibilities, the world is no longer controlled by the need/desire for the accumulation of material wealth so the arbitrary decisions of the powers of today are no longer valid social motivation in the 24th century. Given that the socio-economic driving force is not monetary and the abolishment thereof of currency the proletariat is elevated above the levels of imposed social degradation inherent in the systems communism tries to protect against. If the proletariat’s only possession or defined contribution to the state would have been labour and or social development and procreation then the entire population of Earth must by definition be proletariat and since the entire planet exists in a post economic matured community then the definition no longer holds any validity. But the principles remain the same, the proletariat from today becomes the empowered person of tomorrow due to the abolishment of capitalism. The government through all series of Star Trek from 2266 onwards adhered to the morals represented in the 24th Century, the abolishment of material possessions and the pursuit of the betterment of humankind have always been the fundamental driving force behind the Federation.

What communism dictates is that all elements in society except the working class are excluded from power. Great industrial plants, major enterprises, banks and lines of communication must become the business of the government, whereas the media is working class led to avoid propaganda. The communist manifesto clearly states that "small business may be left untouched." Therefore, if we examine examples such as (Joseph) Sisko’s Creole Kitchen then it quite clearly belongs to him. This is not a state issue. The Federation do not own everything but as we saw from Homefront and Paradise Lost there is a global controlled power net worked by the Federation and not privatised companies and not Starfleet as they had to infiltrate it using Red Squad. Also Honor Among Thieves suggests that banks of Federation worlds are globalised and thus controlled by a single, possibly government division. However, you might have missed the point quite completely; ownership is irrelevant in a society without money. The guiding principle in communism is to stop the accumulation of wealth, but we don’t have currency in the 24-century. Therefore, the principle of defining the Federation by monetary terms is not correct, but communism is the most accurate description

Though it is true that post 19-century doctrine maintained quite blatantly that "the preservation of power is only achieved by the complete and total dictatorship of the proletariat". This out of context appears to be totalitarian and unacceptable. What (Lev) Trotski was attempting to say was that there would be opposition to the new order and that by definition Communism could not exist in conjunction with a bourgeois country. Therefore all "enemies" as he put it, should be taken out of the equation. It was believed that the dictatorship represented the ultimate trust of the workers and their real will because the people in "power" were the ones they had supported and the ones that had proven complete dedication to the good of the state above their own personnel gain in the liberation of the country. Trotski stated that violence won the revolution and the dictatorship consolidated it. This was the principle upon which the later Stalinist movement was based, much to Trotski’s misfortune. Whether this is right or wrong is not the discussion here, the point of the dictatorship was to set the country up for a post totalitarian social reform after the abolishment of class and the socialised control of the industry and production. Even this is only one interpretation of Communism, there have been countless revisions and many ways of approaching the similar goal. The point is even the most hard-lined Communist manifestos would agree that given a utopian civilization, in which the pursuit of material wealth had been abolished and everyone works for social betterment the need for controlled state is no longer an issue. Therefore the Star Trek universe represents exactly that a post reform Communist regime whereby socialist goals have been achieved to forward the basic concepts of production for use rather than hoarding. Marx saw socialism as the transition towards true Communism after revolution, whether this is where we exist in the 24 century is largely irrelevant. The point is we are beyond the Stalinist dictatorship because such principles are no longer relevant even if you reason they were needed in the first instance.

By 2036 the New United Nations was established and attempted to protect the human rights of the individual with a decree that no earth citizen can be held responsible for crimes of his race or forebearers. Unfortunately the early attempted to unite the Earth was ended prematurely. Before the state of affairs seen in the 24th Century a series of problems still had to be overcome. A massive war killed 600 million in the years around 2053 it was during this time and during the times immediately afterwards that the military was controlled by drugs. One of the factions in the war was The Eastern Coalition. It seemed that they opposed at least North America, and that both suffered heavy casualties. Most of the major cities were destroyed in this conflict and a nuclear winter ensued. During this time a colony in Montana took over an old missile base and used it to launch a test of an early CDP style craft capable of speeds in excess of that of light. This was first tested around 11 o'clock am Central American Time on April 5th 2063. On that evening an alien ship from the planet Vulcan made first contact with humanity. This event over the course of the next fifty years saw an end to war, hunger, poverty and all the social ills that plagued society. These reforms did not come immediately or quickly even though evidence suggests that the new technologies were quickly implemented into other test crafts. Given the references from (Peeples 1966) Where No Man Has Gone Before, a manned vessel The Valiant was launched towards the edge of known space but communication was lost. Post Apocalyptic Courts dominated until at least 2079, 16 years after first contact. Earth was finally united in 2113.